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May 10 2012

04:50
02:01
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This chalice in the form of a lotus is decorated with a whorl of circles and sepals in low relief.

The handle is a lotus flower and bud supporting the symbol of eternal life.

The cup bears the names and titles of King Tutankhamun.

The text around the rim expresses wishes for the king to live millions of years and to enjoy great happiness.

On each side of the cup there are two birds.

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62125)

Translation:
“May he live, Horus ‘Strong Bull fair of births,’ the Two Goddesses ‘Beautiful of ordinances, quelling the Two Lands,’ Horus of Gold ‘Wearing the diadems and propitiating the Gods,’ the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, Neb Kheperu Re, granted life.”

“Live, thy Ka, and mayst thou spend millions of years, thou lover of Thebes, sitting with thy face to the north wind, and thy eyes beholding felicity.”

Adapting to more contemporary English than Gardiner’s, I think the wish might read:

“May your ka live, and may you achieve millions of years, you who love Thebes, sitting with your face to the north wind, and your eyes seeing happiness.”

Because of this wish for Tutankhamun’s eternal life, Carter dubbed this chalice the king’s wishing-cup. In 1995 part of the cup’s inscription was placed on a new headstone for Carter in London.

The transluscent white drinking cup takes the form of a white lotus. Lotus buds with stems form a handle on two sides. On top of the buds the god Heh sits holding the hieroglyphs for years and life in each hand, above the signs for 100,000 and eternity, all together symbolizing eternal life. The hieroglyph for Heh stands for millions, seen above in the wish inscription.

The hieroglyph for the heavens surmounts a square on the front of the chalice’s bowl. Three columns give the king’s names and titles. Beginning with the middle column containing a cartouche, the hieroglyphs read from top to bottom:

“King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Neb Kheperu Re, given life.”

The left column and cartouche read:

“Son of Re, living image of Amun, ruler of Thebes forever and ever.”

The right column says:

“Beloved of Amun-Re lord of thrones, and of the two lands, lord of heaven.”

Innumerable photographs of Tutankhamun’s wishing cup can be found online and in print. …

Translation & accompanying commentary via NileMuse.com

Reposted byAncientEgyptiansiriusminerva
01:19
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The throne of Tutankhamun is made of wood, covered with gold and silver, and ornamented with semiprecious stones and colored glass.

The scene on the back panel shows the queen anointing the king. The sun’s rays, terminating in hands, radiate towards the royal couple.

The king wears a composite crown and a broad collar and the queen wears a diadem.

The bodies and wigs of both of them are inlaid with exquisite colored glass and their linen robes are silver.

Two projecting lions’ heads protect the seat of the throne while the arms take the form of winged serpents wearing the double crown and guarding the names of the king.

A wooden footrest was also used to support the king’s feet. It is engraved with subjugated figures of the foes from the North and South, known as the “nine-bows,” lying bound.

The rekhyt birds, referring to the common people, are also shown here under the control of the king.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62028, 62046)

Reposted byAncientEgyptiansiriusminerva
01:09
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This wooden chest with colored ivory panels shows a seated King Tutankhamun facing a pond and shooting wildfowl and fish.

The queen is sitting on a cushion with an arrow in her left hand waiting to pass it to the king.

On the lid, the king is seen with his queen, who is handing him bouquets of lotus and papyri. Flowers surround them.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 61477)

Reposted byAncientEgyptiansiriusminerva
00:48
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This silver trumpet with its golden mouthpiece was found with a decorated wooden core inside, probably to protect the thin metal from distortion, or to help in cleaning inside its tube with a piece of cloth.

The decoration on the bell shows incised scenes of the gods Amun-Re and Re-Horakhty before Ptah.

From experiments, the sound produced was described as “raucous and powerful” and it is likely that the trumpet signal code was a rhythmic one on a single pitch.

I most highly recco your checkin’ out the attachment on the webpage - a sound file of the trumpet’s being played is included!

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62007)

Reposted byAncientEgyptiansiriusminerva
00:44
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This alabaster vessel was probably used for perfumed ointments. The vessel and its base were formed in two pieces and joined together.

The base depicts an Ankh sign on either side of the jar stand. The vessel itself is part of an overall design signifying the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt as shown by the presence of the Sema-Tawy sign. There is a portrayal of a human face wearing a collar, perhaps Tutankhamun.

The traditional names and titles of the king are displayed on the body of the vessel. On both sides plant decorations are found.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62118)

00:44
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Tutankhamun’s military trumpet is one of three known examples of this instrument preserved from ancient Egypt. It was fashioned from metal sheets covered with gold.

The mouthpiece is in the shape of a cylindrical sleeve with a silver ring at the outer end, fixed to a tube. On the outside of the bell is a panel depicting the king wearing the Blue Crown and holding the crook scepter “Heka”. He stands before a shrine containing the figure of the god Ptah in the form of a mummy.

The inscription reads, “The Great One, Ptah, south-of-his-wall, Lord of Truth, Creator of all that the king receives, Life from Amun-Re, King of all Gods. He who rests his other hand on the king’s shoulders, behind the falcon-headed god, Re-Horakhty, the good god, Lord of Gold”.

All the figures are shown standing under the hieroglyphic sign for heaven and the baseline symbolizes the earth.

Translation of text:
“The Great One, Ptah, south-of-his-wall, Lord of Truth, Creator of all that the king receives, Life from Amun-Re, King of all Gods. He who rests his other hand on the king’s shoulders, behind the falcon-headed god, Re-Horakhty, the good god, Lord of Gold”.

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 6200)

Reposted byAncientEgyptian AncientEgyptian
00:41
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The vases found in the tomb of King Tutankhamun were commonly used to store precious oils and cosmetics for the king to use in the netherworld.

The theme of the decoration on the upper part is the union of the two lands, represented by the lotus and the papyrus. Along the upper part of the base, the environment in which the two plants grow is suggested.

On the left, the papyrus springs from a marshy bed, and on the right, a checkered pattern probably depicts a system of irrigated plots for the growing of lotus plants. This vase differs from others in the complicated knot that ties the various stems of the plants around its neck together.

The lower part of the vase is flanked by columns with papyrus capitals. The royal cartouches are inscribed on the body of the vase.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62117)

00:38
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This beautiful vase has a long cylindrical neck with a circular lid, a rounded belly decorated in relief with many flower petals and two elegant handles.

The two sides of the vase are decorated with an identical openwork design, which represents lotus and papyrus flowers, the symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt.

On each side, three papyrus plants ending with three triangular papyrus flowers are shown emerging from a lotus flower at the bottom.

The vase and the openwork are placed on a large rectangular base with four legs, decorated with openwork geometrical motifs.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62115)

00:28
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The upper part of this splendid alabaster vase is decorated with cornices and plants.

It is set on a pedestal in a form of a stool. The body of the vase is adorned with three cartouches bearing the name of King Tutankhamun and that of his consort, Queen Ankhesenamun.

The left side bears the figure of a uraeus, or royal cobra, wearing the Red Crown and holding the Was and Shen scepters.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62123)

00:18
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This alabaster jar had the stopper and lid removed by tomb robbers. The jar was used as a container for oils, fats, and other materials.

It bears the fingerprints of thieves on its interior wall. The vase is of two pieces; one of openwork that fits over the other. When the tomb was later tidied up, empty vessels were employed as containers for smaller objects, which had been scattered by the robbers.

This jar bears also a cryptograph, or secret sign, of the throne name of the King - Neb Kheperu Re.

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62121)

00:08
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This vessel, which is a unique piece of art, was shaped in the form of an ibex, or goat, with real horns, one of which is missing. The eyes are inlaid and have black lids. The ears of the ibex were pierced but the earrings are missing. The back of the animal has a hole.

The body of the vase is decorated with the name of Tutankhamun in a cartouche below the solar disk flanked by two feathers. The vessel stands on a slab of calcite. It once contained oils, which were stolen soon after the tomb was sealed.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62122)

Reposted byAncientEgyptian AncientEgyptian
00:03
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This is one of the household items once used in the royal palace. It is a flask showing the Nile god, represented as a human figure with a big belly and breasts.

He is wearing a crown adorned with the lotus, the emblem of Upper Egypt, and the papyrus, symbol of Lower Egypt. The Nile god is holding a flask decorated with hieroglyphic text giving the name of King Tutankhamun.

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62113)

Reposted byAncientEgyptian AncientEgyptian
00:00
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Headrests were used in ancient Egypt and are still used in some African regions to protect the head of the sleeper and ease the circulation of air around the head in the hot summer nights.

A soft pillow or cushion would have made it more comfortable for the sleeper. Spell 166 of the Book of the Dead ensured protection for the head of the deceased in the afterlife by warding off demons who might attack.

This headrest is similar in shape to a folding stool.

The pillow holder of the headrest is made of strands of ivory beads stained dark green, red-brown, and black.

The two sides are decorated with the face of the god, Bes of Joy, on their outer surface and a lotus flower on the inner surface. The legs end in ducks’ heads.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62023)

May 09 2012

23:57
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This statuette is one of a pair featuring King Tutankhamun on the back of a leopard. The king is shown standing with his left leg forward on a rectangular pedestal fixed to the back of the leopard.

He holds a long staff in one hand and the flail in the other. The king is wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt with a cobra on his forehead and a large collar that covers his chest and shoulders and terminates with a row of drop beads.

A tight-fitting loincloth tied at the front and incised with fine lines covers his lower body. He is wearing sandals.

The exaggeration of the king’s features shows the influence of the Amarna style of art.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 60715)

23:53
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A gilded, wooden statuette of King Tutankhamun stands on a wooden boat that is painted to represent a papyrus boat.

Its details are picked out in gold leaf. The king, wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt, holds a harpoon poised to strike an unseen enemy.

According to the myth of Osiris and Isis, the king here represents their son, Horus, who avenged his father, Osiris.

His adversary, Seth, often portrayed as a hippopotamus or crocodile, is not depicted, as he is a potentially harmful image.

The figure of the king holds a bronze coiled chain to bind the animal, representing Seth, after spearing it.

The statue was found wrapped in linen in a varnish-blackened chest

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 60710)

23:50
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A statuette of Tutankhamun that represents the king mummified in the traditional position of the god Osiris with his hands crossed over his chest. He is lying on a funerary bed decorated with two lion’s heads and is wearing the nemes headdress with a gilded uraeus on the forehead.

A falcon and a bird with a human head protect the sides and the torso of the king with their open wings. The falcon is the god Horus and the bird is the Ba, the animated manifestation of the deceased.

The statuette was found carefully wrapped in a linen cloth with several miniature agricultural tools similar to those provided for the shawabties.

The inscriptions on the statuette are a dedication by Maya, Tutankhamun’s scribe, who also gave the king a shawabti

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 60720)

23:47
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This statue represents King Tutankhamun standing with his left leg forward. He is wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt adorned with the royal cobra (uraeus) at the front, the Usekh collar, a short pleated kilt, and a pair of sandals.

In his left hand, he is holding a long Heqa scepter with the top missing and in the right hand, the Nekhekh flail. This depiction of King Tutankhamun with the long neck, the swollen belly, and the low hips was clearly influenced by the art of the Amarna Period.

The statue was found, with six other statues of Tutankhamun, wrapped in bolts of linen with an inscription giving the date when they were carved, which was year three of the reign of King Akhenaten

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 60713)

23:37
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The tomb of Tutankhamun contained many leopard heads like this gilded one. This head differs from others in having the king’s cartouche incised between the eyes. The leopard head adorned a garment that imitated the animal’s skin. This was the distinctive garment of the Sem priest.

The Sem priest was charged with revitalizing the mummified body of the pharaoh in the ritual known as the “Opening of the mouth.” If the deceased were his predecessor, the new pharaoh would supervise the ceremony dressed as a Sem priest.


(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 62629)

23:27
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A statue of the goddess Menkaret shows her carrying the seated statue of King Tutankhamun over her head. She is supporting the king’s back with her right hand and his feet with her left hand.

This is the position in which female Egyptian peasants carried water jars over their heads.

The king is wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt and the usekh collar; he is wrapped in a shroud like a mummy.

The goddess is standing with her left leg forward. She is wearing a long wig and a pleated kilt. Her swollen belly and low hips show the artistic influence of the Amarna Period.

This statue was used, with two others, in the mystical pilgrimages during the funeral of the king

(via The Global Egyptian Museum | JE 60716)

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