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June 15 2013

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Qa Hedjet is a king come out from the nothingness of four thousand and six hundred years. Until 1968 this name meant nothing either for the more than 150-year-old field of Egyptology, or for the long tradition of annals and king-lists compiled since the Old Kingdom through the New Kingdom up to the Greek period. Not a piece of tomb-relief, statuette, graffito, or monument had ever handed down this name. It’s always amazing to discover previously unknown kings, especially those of the most mysterious ages of history, as is the Early Dynastic Period.

A stela of unknown provenance bought by the Louvre Museum in 1967 [E 25982], bears the Horus name of this King; it is the only attestation of Qa Hedjet.
The style of the relief and the skillfulness of its lines are the reasons for the widespread convinction that we have to do with a 3rd Dynasty piece [rather than with one of Qa’a (1st Dyn.) or of the First Intermediate Period as has been formerly advanced].
We can easily see the carving evolution in comparison with the Wadi Maghara 3rd Dyn. reliefs; therfore dating it to the half or end of this dynasty for the reign of this king and his stela is justifiable. Another parallel can be drawn with the six panels from the underground galleries of the Step Pyramid complex of Netjerikhet [Djoser/Zoser] at Saqqara (see here, bottom of the page).

The lines of the king’s face (forehead/crown, beard, mouth, but the same goes for the whole body) are a more developed variant of the Sanakht, Netjerikhet and Sekhemkhet reliefs. The general treatment of the body of the Third Dynasty kings is, to a certain degree, somewhat sqattier, heavier, rawer and gives an impression of more stability and authority than Khasekhemwy’s (?) relief from Gebelein (now in Turin and Cairo) which portray a taller and leaner king, more dynamic and whose body details are more equally balanced in comparison with those of the kings up to Snefru, wherein the reliefs show more careful attention to the face/head, leaving the rest of the body at a cruder stage of definition, with fewer decorative particulars.
Possibly Netjerikhet is less extreme in this artistic trend (Khasekhemwy’s influence?); Qa Hedjet produces a shift towards smoother forms more in line with the 4th Dynasty techniques (the sitting Snefru Dahshur stela is the further step of change: see the hands, the whole face profile; but indeed the general conformation and proportions of human shape and of hieroglyphs heavily echoes the Third Dynasty models, and a similar progress is also traceable in the statuary).

The modeling of the Horus’ head in the Louvre stela has no parallel, to my knowledge, in this early period.
On it the king wears a short skirt, the false tail and the Upper Egyptian crown; he bears a pear-headed mace and a reed in his hands and faces an anthropomorphic Horus who has one hand on the king’s shoulder and the other one on his left arm (in a similar posture is the goddess Seshat before Snefru in the Funerary Temple of the Rhomboidal Pyramid of Dahshur, cfr. A. Fakhry ‘The Monuments of Snofru … II. The Valley Temple pt. I’ 1961, fig. 84; Thomas Schneider in S.A.K. 24, 1997 fig. 5.1).
Above the two figures, facing the falcon-topped Serekh with Horus name, there’s another falcon and a short sentence: “Horus in the Hwt ‘Aa” (Great Temple of Heliopolis; see Kahl et al. ‘Die Inschriften der 3. Dynastie’,165 and Fischer, Orientalia 61,143).
The material used is limestone and the figuration is plainly eroded but the lines’ sure touch (Horus’ face, the king’s body, the hieroglyphs) is evident, showing a slight progress compared with the mentioned limestone stela fragment of the Turin Museum from Gebelein (dated to the 2nd-3rd Dyn. see Smith ‘A History of Sculpture and Painting in … 1946).
For the stela of the Louvre: Vandier, in: C.R.A.I.B.L. 1968 p. 16-22; Ziegler ‘Catalogue des stèles, peintures et reliefs égyptiens de l’ Ancien Empire et de la Première Période Intermédiare - Musée du Louvre’ 1990 p. 56; Blumenthal, in: ZAS 130, 2003, 1ff. (excursus p. 25-26).

Lacking the evidence for a Horus name of the predecessor of Qa Hedjet, Neferkara, it could be hypothized that these names belonged to the same sovereign; the few traces they left make it possible that both these kings could have been immediate predecessors of Huni.
Worthy of note is that in the 3rd Dyn. corpus of inscriptions (Kahl et al. 1995, following D. Wildung ‘Die Rolle..’ 1969 p. 101 n.4) ‘Qa Hedjet’ is considered the Horus name of Huni: in fact this latter king’s Horus name has never been found, therfore this could even be correct; but the fortuitous and meagre attestation of these kings’ monuments and names lead us to think that the Third Dynasty sequence could consist, even more than in the Second Dynasty, of various further kings of whom nothing has remained (Nabil Swelim numbers 9 kings in Dynasty 3).
Kahl in ‘S.A.H.’(1994) p. 7-10 had positioned Qa Hedjet after Huni (according to him the dynasty was closed by the mysterious ‘Ba’ whom Helck placed at the end of the First Dynasty after Qa’a and Sneferka).
Peter Kaplony (‘Rollsiegel A.R.’ I Mon. Aeg. 2, 1977 p. 155 n.271) thought this stela (and king) belonged to the Ist Intermediate Period.
Also a middle 4th Dynasty date has been proposed for this stela.

The fact that this name is still unattested at Elephantine could be either a clue that his reign was a very short one or that he was known with the cartouche name of Huni (Njsut Hw) or that of Nebka; it is also possible that he was a known late 3rd Dyn. ruler who changed his Horus name (cf. the unfinished excavation of Zawiyet el-Aryan North with an inscription “Neb-Hedjet”). …

  Via Qa Hedjet / Ka Hedjet / Kaj Hedjet

November 29 2012

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At the gate to the Temple of Horus at Edfu

…It was a difficult shot to get without other tourists! I had to wait 15 minutes before there was an opening in the “Here I am in front of Horus” stream.

Horus statue by gate (by Carpe Feline)

November 25 2012

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Statue du dieu égyptien Horus - Le Louvre (by marianne85)

Reposted bysiriusminervawtfpantera
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Statue du dieu Horus. 3e Période Intermédiaire.

Via wikipedja

Reposted bywtfpantera wtfpantera
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This bronze statue of the ancient Egyptian god Horus is in the Louvre museum, Paris.

The statue is about one metre tall and dates back to the Third Intermediate Period: 1069-664BCE.

statue of Horus (by d0gwalker)

Reposted bywtfpantera wtfpantera
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Statue du dieu Horus / Musée du Louvre / The God Horus

Egyptian God of the sky. / 3rd intermediate period, 1069-664 BC

Horus is a god of the Ancient Egyptian religion, most commonly known by the Greek version Horus, of the Egyptian Heru/Har. Horus was an ancient and important deity. He was also the son of Isis and Osiris. Some details of the character are changed or intermixed with other characters throughout the different dynasties and Egyptian cults and religions. For example, when Heru (Horus) fuses with Ra the Sun God, he becomes Ra-Horakhty.

The Eye of Horus became an important Egyptian symbol of power. Horus had a man’s body and a falcon’s head. Horus fought with Seth for the throne of Egypt. In this battle one of his eyes was injured and later it was healed by Isis. This healing of the eye became a symbol of renewal. Horus united Egypt and bestowed divinity upon the pharaohs who were viewed as incarnations of Horus in life.

Origin of “Horus”

Horus is recorded in Egyptian hieroglyphs as ḥr.w and is reconstructed to have been pronounced *Ḥāru, meaning “Falcon”. As a description it has also typically been thought of as having the meaning “the distant one” or “one who is above, over” By Coptic times, the name became Hōr. It was adopted into Greek as Ὡρος Hōros. The original name also survives in later Egyptian names such as Har-Si-Ese literally “Horus, son of Isis”.

Reposted bywtfpantera wtfpantera
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3rd intermediate period, 1069-664 BC
Louvre Museum - Egyptian Antiquities Collection
Paris, France

This statue is life sized and was originally covered in gold leaf with eyes made of precious stones. It was used ceremonially because for any ruler to have power, he and in some cases she would have to be annointed by Horus the god of the noonday sun and symbol of supreme consciousness. The hands originally held a ceremonial vessel which contained a liquid. The arms could be lowered mechanically to pour the liquid over the head of pharaoh or the participant in the ceremony.

Horus (by waywuwei)

Reposted bysiriusminerva siriusminerva
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Bronze Horus at the Louvre - Third Intermediate Period

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Third Intermediate Period bronze Horus - Louvre

Reposted byzEveR zEveR
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Bronze Horus statue, Third Intermediate Period; Louvre

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O deus Horus (by Elton Rabello)

More about this statue from the Louvre’s Website:


September 07 2012

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Ramses II, 19th dynasty, shown as the solar child in front of the Horus falcon.

(via The Egyptian Museum)

Reposted bysiriusminervakilljillAncientEgyptian
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Ramses II as the solar child, protected by Horus

Via a fuxed up website which identifies Horus as “Huron,” hence my lack of attribution.

Reposted bysiriusminervakilljillAncientEgyptian

August 27 2012

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