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September 15 2013

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… A new age in the science of prehistory had begun in 1949, when radiocarbon dating was invented by Willard Libby, a chemist from Chicago. One of Libby’s first experiments was on a piece of charcoal from Lascaux. Breuil had, incorrectly, it turns out, classified the cave as Perigordian. (It is Magdalenian.) He had also made the Darwinian assumption that the most ancient art was the most primitive, and Leroi-Gourhan worked on the same premise. In that respect, Chauvet was a bombshell. It is Aurignacian, and its earliest paintings are at least thirty-two thousand years old, yet they are just as sophisticated as much later compositions. What emerged with that revelation was an image of Paleolithic artists transmitting their techniques from generation to generation for twenty-five millennia with almost no innovation or revolt. A profound conservatism in art, Curtis notes, is one of the hallmarks of a “classical civilization.” For the conventions of cave painting to have endured four times as long as recorded history, the culture it served, he concludes, must have been “deeply satisfying”—and stable to a degree it is hard for modern humans to imagine. …

(via Letter from Southern France: First Impressions : The New Yorker)

Reposted bysashthesplashnerdanelgingergluesergelanmiunbill
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Palaeolithic cave paintings dated between 30,000 & 33,000 years ago.

(via The Cave Art Paintings of the Chauvet Cave)

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The Red hand stencil and partial outline of a black mammoth, found in the Red Panels Gallery, are located more specifically on the Panel of Hand Stencils. The hand stencil has been placed inside the outline of the animal, on its flank.Researchers have been able to determine that the mammoth was drawn before the hand….

(via Red Hand & Mammoth - The Cave Art Paintings of the Chauvet Cave)

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These four horses occupy a small recess in the Chauvet Cave. They bare [sic] similar artistic attributes. The artist used fingers to mix and spread a charcoal paste and applied it in order to emphasize the main outlines and give relief and shading to the heads….

(via Facing Horses - The Cave Art Paintings of the Chauvet Cave)

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This is considered one of the most important panels of the Chauvet Cave. It contains twenty animals. The drama is clear to see, highlighted by the rhinoceroses confronting each other. This is unique in Palaeolithic cave art. The two rhinos were drawn at the same time, probably by the same artist. The charcoal used has been dated between approximately 30,000 and 32,000 years before present.

The four horses heads were drawn in charcoal after the rhinos as well as the other animals - two more rhinos, a stag and two mammoths - on this panel, which as elsewhere in the cave had been prepared and scraped. Of the four horses, the top one was drawn first and the lowest one drawn last….

(via Fighting Rhino & Four Horses - The Cave Art Paintings of the Chauvet Cave)


July 12 2013

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The family home of the painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.

via Le château de Malromé à Saint-André-du-Bois (Gironde)

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The Château de Hautefort is a French château and gardens located in the town of Hautefort in the Dordogne. The château was reconstructed in the 17th century, and embellished with a Garden à la française. In 1853, the landscape architect, Count of Choulot, redid the gardens, adding a landscape garden, geometric flower gardens, topiary gardens imitating the domes of the château, and a long tunnel of greenery. Next to the formal gardens is a hill with an Italian garden with winding shaded paths. Notable trees in the park include a Magnolia grandiflora and a Cedar of Lebanon. The gardens are listed by the Committee of Parks and Gardens of the Ministry of Culture of France as one of the Notable Gardens of France. …[wikipedja]


Reposted bygetstonedTodeswalza
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… The village takes its name from the large chateau above the village, which is partially open to the public. It is also still inhabited by the Duke and Duchess.

The site was first used around 980 by Fucaldus, younger brother of the Viscount of Limoges. Fucaldus set up a fortified camp on the rock and called it Fucaldus in rupe, or Foucald’s Rock.

Early in the 11th century, the son of Fucaldus built a square keep, still identifiable at the heart of the present site. Two entrance towers were built from 1350, with three angle towers following, along with a heightening of the keep, in 1453. Galleries and a grand staircase, the latter attributed to designs by Leonardo da Vinci, were added in 1520. Much of the mediaeval building was demolished in 1615 when the courtyard was opened out and improvements were made to honour a visit by Louis XIII of France. There was some rebuilding in 1760, following a fire.

Following subsidence problems affecting the keep in the 1960s, the building is currently in the midst of restoration, during which time one wing remains a family home and much of the rest is open to the public. Guided tours of the libraries are sometimes available, and there are costumes for children and adults to wear during their exploration of the rest of the public areas, which include several furnished rooms, and some of the foundations within the rock. … [wikipedja]


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…Under a grant made ​​by King Henry VI in 1437, and Rauzan Pujols passed into the hands of Bernard Angevin. At the end of the Hundred Years War, the building was in ruins passed into the hands of the Crown of France. Transformed into a castle-residence by Bernard Angevin the fifteenth century, he then returned to Durfort de Duras in 1478, by the marriage of the daughter of Jeanne Jacques Angevin, granddaughter of Bernard Angevin, with Jean de Durfort. The Durfort-Duras keep until 1793, then Chastellux, their heirs, until 1900. Rauzan then gradually abandoned, and even plundered: stones and blocks of rock were reused for the particular size of headstones, causing the destruction of the northern wall. Declared a historic monument in 1862, thanks to the intervention of Leo Drouyn, the castle became the property of the municipality in 1900. But it will take several decades and the involvement of many architectural enthusiasts, heritage and history before the fortress was finally restored. …

via Le château de Rauzan (Gironde)

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Le château de Crazannes (Charente-Maritime).

Photographie : pavillon dit «  donjon de l’Echelle » (photo prise le 21 février 2010 à 16 h 13).

Au dessus du portail on remarque le blason des Chaudruc. …

The castle, a listed monument of the end of the 14th century, is one of the oldest homes of the Saintonge area.

via Le domaine de Crazannes (Charente-Maritime)

June 19 2013

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These are masterpieces that we will never see with our own eyes — paintings, engravings, and hand stencils dating from 27 000 years ago when a sparse population occupied the cold and barren Mediterranean seaside. These works of art are so fragile and precious that the underwater passage leading to them has been sealed off by the authorities.

Only a few people have actually seen the marvels of the Cosquer Cave: the professional diver from Cassis who discovered it in 1985 and gave it his name, and a handful of divers-archaeologists who were commissioned to perform a thorough survey once the discovery was officially declared to the authorities in 1991.

27 000 years ago, when the Cosquer artists were at work on the walls of the cave, sea level was about a hundred meters lower than it is today. The coastline was located 10 kilometres further to the south and the landscape was reminiscent of present-day Norway. Men were few; but antelopes, giant stags, horses, small penguins called auks, bison and aurochs abounded.

Today, the entrance to the Grotte Cosquer is 37 metres below sea level in one of the Calanques, the small Mediterranean fjords that dent the coastline between Marseille and Cassis. …


Reposted bysiriusminervavertheerKaerrielzEveRatrantareloveutionpsyentist
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The Caves of Gargas in the Pyrennes region of France are known for their cave art from the Upper Paleolithic period - about 27,000 years old.

Reposted bysiriusminervawonderlustqueenpsyentist
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Stencil of a human hand, dated 27,000 B.P. [Before Present] from Cosquer Cave. as shown in the National Museum of Archeology, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France.

via wikipedja

Reposted bypsyentist psyentist

February 05 2013


July 07 2012

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Richest households and businesses to take brunt of €7.2bn tax rises this year with more to come in 2013

What a remarkably intelligent thing to do.

Via François Hollande keeps election promise of raising taxes for wealthiest | World news |

March 27 2012

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